Welcome to Tajweed (Tajwid) Study Site!
Abu Dharr narrated, the Messenger of Allah () said to me:
"O Abu Dharr! If you learn one verse from The Book of Allah (The Quran), it is better for you than to voluntarily pray one hundred rak'as (units of prayer), and if you learn a category of knowledge (religion), regardless if it is applied or not, it is better for you than to voluntarily pray one thousand rak'as."
(Ibn Majah, Sunan; Ibn Hajar Al-'Asqalani, Mukhtasar At-Targhib wa-t-Tarhib; Al-Ghazali, Ihya' 'Ulum Ad-Deen)
Qur'anic term for Tajweed
The word used in Qur'an for proper recitation of the Qur'an is the word TARTEEL. This word is used in Surah Muzammil :
وَرَتِّلِ ٱلۡقُرۡءَانَ تَرۡتِيلاً
'And recite the Qur'an in slow measured rhythmic tone'
(Al Qur'an ; 73:4)
The Arabic word translated as 'slow, measured rythmic' is TARTEEL. The tafseer of the above ayat according to Ibn Kathir is:
'recite the Qur'an slowly, making the letters clear, for this is an assistance in understanding and pondering the meaning of the Qur'an.'
The teaching used in this website is Hafs 'An 'Aasim by the way of Shaatibiyyah!.
What is tajweed?
The word Tajweed
The word Tajwid is a verbal noun from jawwada, which literally means to make better so the word Tajweed means beautification. Arabs say Jawada (verb) something, i.e. beautify it. Arabs also use word Tajweed to denote doing something in a perfect way. When somebody Jawada something, he does it in the best way and with the best quality.
Tajwīd (Arabic: تجويد taǧwīd) is an Arabic word for elocution, (meaning to improve, to make better, to embellish) meaning proper pronunciation during recitation, as well as Qur'an recitation at a moderate speed. It is a set of tajweed rules which govern how the Qur'an should be read. It is derived from the triliteral root ǧ-w-d, meaning to make well, make better, or improve. Tajweed Qur’an is required by fard. There are Ten (tawātur) schools of Qur’an Recitation, the most prevalent of which is the recitation of Imam 'Asim as transmitted by Imam Hafs.
Tajweed introduces articulating of arabic letters from their articulation points and producing relevant vowel characteristics and thus preserving the tongue from mistakes in pronunciation of the Glorious Qur'an during reading.
The term Tajweed used in the sciences of Qur'an is of two kinds:
1) Knowledge of the rules of recitation set up by the scholars of Tajweed. This is called the theorical Tajweed.
2) The second type of Tajweed is the practical Tajweed which means: saying each letter with its right mode and place of articulation.
It is not permissible to apply the rules of Tajweed (rules of the recitation of the Quran) to normal conversation, The majority of the scholars are of the view that the rules of Tajweed apply only to the words of the Quran.
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) told his companions to learn the Qur’aan from those who knew it well, such as Ubayy ibn Ka’b (may Allaah be pleased with him), Ibn Mas’ood (may Allaah be pleased with him) and others. This combined reading, memorization and learning tajweed.
Therefore, we need it to beautify our recitation!
- Tajweed of the Holy Qur'an is the knowledge and application of the rules of recitation to the reading of the Qur'an as the Prophet Mohammed pbuh, recited
- Allah (j.s.) orders: “Pronounce the Quran carefully (with tarteel).”
- According to verified sources the Messenger said: “Study the Quran with the Arabic melody and sounds.”
- Tarteel (preciseness and perfection) is a feature of the Quran as it is said in the ayat: “And we reveal it ayat by ayat (tarteel). (Al-Furkan.32)
What is tarteel?
About revelation of The Qur'an Allah Ta’ala says in the Holy Qur’an:
“And with tarteel We have revealed it”
Also we have been ordered to recite the Qur’an with tarteel; Allah Ta’ala says,
ورتل القرأن ترتيلا
“And recite the Qur’an with tarteel”
From the above two verses, it becomes obligatory on us to recite the Qur’an with tarteel.
Tarteel vs Tajweed
Is tajweed recitation?
What is the difference between the two?
- Tajweed is the science of proper recitation of the Quran. Reciting with tajweed means applying rules of tajweed. A related word is “mujawwad”.
- Tajweed is the science of proper recitation of th holy Qur'an by applying rules and manners imparted to us by Prophet Muhammad pbuh.
- Tarteel means reading as the Prophet (PBUH) used to recite and as he was ordered to by Allah. [wa rattil il-Qurana tarteela] (Muzzammil 4).
- The tafsir of this aya (according to ibn kahteer) is to recite the Qur’an slowly, making the letters clear because this is an assistance in understanding and pondering the meaning of the Qur’an. A related word is “Murattal”.
- When asked about the meaning of Tarteel, Ali (Radhiallahu Anhu) replied, ‘It means that the Qur’an should be recited with Tajweed and with due observance to the rules of Waqf (pausing or stopping at the end of the verse).’
- In this sense, there is no difference between the two words.
We will use the term Tajweed to refer to the science (the group of rules) that we wish to master in order to recite with Tarteel.
The most valuable learning and reciting is the one performed by carfully observing language, mind and heart. The language takes care of the accuracy of the sounds and words, mind interprets their meaning and the heart keeps their instructions, advices and warnings. So the language speaks, mind recognizes and heart receives the moral message.
ٱلَّذِينَ ءَاتَيۡنَـٰهُمُ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبَ يَتۡلُونَهُ ۥ حَقَّ تِلَاوَتِهِۦۤ أُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ يُؤۡمِنُونَ بِهِۦۗ
وَمَن يَكۡفُرۡ بِهِۦ فَأُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ هُمُ ٱلۡخَـٰسِرُونَ
"Those unto whom We have given the Scripture, who read it with the right reading, those believe in it. And whoso disbelieveth in it, those are they who are the losers. (Al-Baqara, 121).
Narrated Uthman, Prophet Muhammad () said: 'The best among you are those who learn the Qur'an and teach it to others' (Sahih Al Bukhari vol 6, book 61, no. 545) Tajweed is the Science of reading Qur'an correctly. Learning how to recite the Qur'an correctly is an obligatory act upon EVERY Muslim.
Tajweed is a science
Learn what the Tajweed is!
Tajwid is one of the most prominent sciences of the Qur'an. It is a science governed by deep-rooted static rules derived from the oral recitation of the Qur'an by the Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.s.) after hearing the revelation from the Angel Gabriel. This science preserves the meaning of the revealed words of Allah in sound and expression, protects it from any alteration and retains the unique method of recitation.1 It deals with the accent, phonetics, rhythm and temper of the Qur'anic recitation. The divine ordinance establishes the recitation of the Qur'an with tajwid.2
The scientific discipline that precisely defines, elaborates and explains the principles of the proper learning of the Quran and methodology of its practical usage is called: ‘ilmu tajweed or fennu tajweed or ahkamu tajweed or tajweed-ul-Quran which means: science of the proper learning of the Quran.
One who knows tajweed rules and the method of their practical implementation and is respected among the educated muslims in this area is called “qari”.
The person who learns the tajweed and teaches the others to this science is called Mujawwad (tajweed expert) and the one who practices with beginners is called mukri’ (Quran tutoring mentor).
Keyword tağwīd (التجويد
) in Arabic means: precision and accurate execution of some actions (الإحكام
), refinement, perfection and accuracy (الإتقان
). Imam Ibn Al-Gazali said: "This at-tağwīd (التجويد
) is an infinitive verb ğawwad (جود
). For the same verb is derived the noun Gawd (جودة
), whose significance is the opposite meaning of the word ar-radā'a (الرداءة
). Ğawwad verb (جود
) is (in the context of science 'at-tağwīd ILM) uses it to indicate the precise reading (learning), when expressed correctly imposed, without Mahan at (the) speech.
- Tajweed science is defined by static rules derived from the oral recitation of the Qur'an by Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) after being instructed by angel Gebrail. Tajweed is aimed at preserving the meaning of the word of Allah declared by its sound and expression, protects it from any amendment and retains the unique method of pronunciation. It deals with the accent, phonetics, rhythm and pace of learning the Quran. Divine provision is determined by learning the Quran with tajweed. One of the meanings of the word Al-Quran is also read / recite.
- The Quran is published in clear Arabic, the dialect of the tribe of Quraysh, among which is born and brought up the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Allah has made learning simple commands and teachings of the Quran in a clear and audible manner. Believers learn it properly and their hearts witnesses were calm.
- Teachings of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was very expressive, he is every voice clearly pronounced and practiced a pause at the end of each verse. He not only loved to teach the Quran, but he liked to listen to others and to learn. The Prophet (PBUH) as learning and teaching learning very worthy act, pointing out that each word, even the letter that the study, bring ten times the prize.
- Some of the characteristics of quranic eloquence is hidden in Mizan, balance, its aesthetic structure, the relationship between words, Izhar, idha, ihfa', tafhim, tarqiq and Madd, pausing, and the division of verses in a manner similar verses. It is not saj ', rhymed prose, or poetry. Some Quranic surahs contain a prominent rhyme and provide strong support for the creation of spontaneous melody providing that the learning is done by the strict rules of tajweed. The melody is innate and can be emphasized to further manifest a beautiful voice. Like the style of the Qur'an, it's tone has also been unique. The science of Tajweed has so far preserved this tone. It exists today, both in theory and in practice as it appeared in the teachings of Prophet Mohammad (PBUH).
Thank Allah, who says:
"O thou wrapped up in thy raiment! (1) Keep vigil the night long, save a little - (2) A half thereof, or abate a little thereof (3) Or add (a little) thereto - and chant the Qur'an in measure, (4) For we shall charge thee with a word of weight."(El-Muzzemmil, 1-5.)
Why knowledge of tajweed is so important?
Rules of tajweed - why?
Tajweed is the Science of reading Qur'an correctly. Learning how to recite the Qur'an correctly respecting the Rules of Tajweed is an obligatory act upon EVERY Muslim.
Knowledge of tajweed is fardh kifayaah, meaning some of the Muslim community must know it, and its application is fardh ‘ain, required by all Muslims (men and women) who have the complete Qur'an or part of it memorized, even if only one surah.
Tajweed rules were introduced by the Messenger of Allah because the Qur'an was revealed to Messenger of Allah from Allah, the most High, with tajweed, and he, was instructed on it from the Jibreel, peace be upon him, and taught it to his companions. Knowledge of tajweed was further taught to the Muslims and so on until it came to us by these chains.
Tajweed science was sistematized by Muslim scholars of Qur'anic sciences, such as Abu 'Ubaid Al-Qasim bin Sallaam.
From the worldly point of view, main reason for establishing of tajweed rules was preserving Qur'an from distortion and guarding the Glorious Qur'an. In order to prevent non-arab Muslims from unintentionally changing the pronunciation of letters and words it became mandatory to apply rules that would preserve the recitation of the Qur'an from mistakes, and guarantee the reader of the Qur'an accuracy of pronunciation.
Tajweed Rules - Summary
Tajweed linguistically - to improve and make better.
Tajweed technically - the correct recitation of the Qur'an that is achieved by giving each letter its due (using the organs of speech) through:
- The vowel movements- (knowledge of the articulation points of the letters) - Harakaat
- Prescribed point of exit - (where the sound of each letter should come from) - Makhraj
- The manner of articulation - (the characteristics of the letters and recitation) - Sifa
Tajweed also enjoins emotional colouring and stressing of various parts of Qur'anic text depending on the meaning of the recited words.
Recitation brings Tranquility
Allah has made it easy to recite and enjoins the recitation of that part of it which is easy for the reciter. The faithful recite it as it ought to be recited in a clear and distinct manner and with its recitation their faith, trust in their Lord, joy and pleasure increase manifold. Their hearts witness tranquillity. Allah listens to the recitation of the Qur'an.Recitation is a sufficient and comprehensive course for guidance because the Qur'an is the criterion of right and wrong. It is the message of divine mercy, the reminder,the healing, the light, the clear indication, the clear message, an exhortation, the effective wisdom,the fairest of statements and a treasure of knowledge.
Decoration of Recitation
The recitation of the Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.s.) was very distinct; he made each letter clear and observed the pause at the end of each ayah. He was not only very fond of reciting the Qur'an himself but loved to listen to others do so in a melodious voice and commended their endeavours. He even emphasized that the recitation should can be decorated with a melodious voice, and that it should be distinct. He regarded it as an important means of dialogue with Allah. Through it hearts receive purification. It is an act which brings salvation in the Hereafter. The Prophet (s.a.w.s.) considered the learning and teaching of recitation as a most meritorious act, indicating that each word, even letter, recited would bring ten rewards.
The Prophet (s.a.w.s.) promised an elevated rank for those reciters who recite well and who are knowledgeable in the science of al-Qur'an. He even encouraged those who despite their best possible efforts are not able to recite the Qur'an as it ought to be recited. These people would receive two rewards: a reward for their efforts and a reward for their recitation. He further manifested the categories of those who recite the Qur'an. "The example of a believer who recites the Qur'an is like that of citron which has a pleasant smell and sweet taste. The example of a believer who does not recite the Qur'an is like that of a date which has no smell, though its taste is sweet. The hypocrite who does not recite the Qur'an is like a wild gourd which has a bitter taste and no smell, and the hypocrite who recites the Qur'an is rayhdn (sweet-smelling basil) which has a fragrance but also a bitter taste.'
Unique Quranic Style
The style of the Qur'an is unique. It is neither saj". rhymed prose nor poetry. Some of the characteristics of its eloquence are hidden in its mizan, balance, the use of eloquent words, its aesthetic structure, the relationship between the words, verbal derivations, Izhar, Idgham, Ikhfff, Tafkhim, Tarqiq and madd breakage and division of ayat in a manner resembling rhymes. All these factors extend strong support in the creation of spontaneous melody providing they are recited by a strict observation of the rules of Tajwid. Melody is an integral part of the text. It is innate and can be further manifested with a beautiful voice. It has a great magnetic attraction to the human aesthetic sense. This is one of the reasons why it attracts listeners without the use of any musical instrument.^ Like the style of the Qur'an, its melody is also unique. The Science of Tajwid has retained this melody. It exists today both in theory and in practice in the manner that it first emerged in the recitation of the Prophet Muhammad saws.
- The widely practised science of Tajwid in the Muslim world through-ages clearly establishes the promise of Allah (al-Qur'an. al-Hijr 1 ) of preservation of the Qur'an.
- The word tartil referred to in Surah al-Muzzammil -5: denotes recitation which cannot be achieved without Tajwid. Ayah 16 of (75) also indicates tartil.